Franziska Schirrmacher, M. Sc.

Department of Computer Science
Chair of Computer Science 1 (IT Security Infrastructures)

Room: Room 12.125
Martensstr. 3
91058 Erlangen

PhD candidate in the multimedia security group and member of the SFB/TRR 89 Invasive Computing Project C5 “Security in Invasive Computing Systems“.

Recent Projects:

Below you will find my recent projects. Within the last three years, I worked on the super-resolution of indecipherable license plates and license plate recognition. Participating in the International Computer Vision Summer School (ICVSS) 2018 sparked my interest in deep learning. I started to focus on robust deep learning methods that can reliably predict test data that slightly deviates from the training data. This is specifically useful in real-world scenarios, where the image acquisition is unknown. To improve deep learning architectures, especially the extension of a recognition network with additional tasks from the field of image processing shows great potential.

In my Master Thesis, I developed the Quantile Sparse Image (QuaSI) prior and its adaptive version (AQuaSI) under the supervision of Thomas Köhler.

Learning to Decipher License Plates in Severely Degraded Images:

The goal of this project is the reconstruction of license plates in severely degraded images. Specifically, we investigated the influence of JPEG compression on the recognition rate. Additionally, an in-depth analysis on the influence of the position of the character in the license plate and the similarity of characters.

paper | slides

SR²: Super-Resolution With Structure-Aware Reconstruction:

Combining multiple image processing methods is mostly done in sequential order and thus prone to error propagation. With SR2, we aim at combining super-resolution and character recognition in parallel within a multi-task network. This architecture is able to preserve structures and removes noisy pixels although the network itself has never been trained on noisy data.

paper | slides

License Plate Recognition:

Due to the recent success of neural networks for image classification tasks, we investigate the performance of neural networks on images of highly degraded license plates for character recognition.

Super-resolution of indecipherable license plates:

In police investigations, a severely degraded image quality leads to an impairment of their success. License plates might give a hint on the suspect but are often indecipherable. The degradation of the image quality is mainly caused by compression artifacts, low contrast, and low resolution. In order to improve the image quality such that the license plate can be deciphered, super-resolution algorithms are applied to video frames in a post-processing step. Unfortunately, the registration of the frames is not sufficiently accurate to obtain visually pleasing images. Additionally, compression often leads to a loss of information such that super-resolution is not successful.

Ideal case Reality

(Adaptive) Quantile Sparse Image Prior:

A key challenge in research on image processing is to find suited priors for inverse problems to represent natural images. We propose the Adaptive Quantile Sparse Image (AQuaSI) prior. It is based on a quantile filter, can be used as a joint filter on guidance data, and be readily plugged into a wide range of numerical optimization algorithms. We demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed prior in joint RGB/depth upsampling, on RGB/NIR image restoration, and in a comparison with related regularization by denoising approaches.

github | paper

Quantile Sparse Image Prior:

In todays imaging systems, the reliable reduction of image noise poses a constantly recurring problem. In healthcare, noise may limit the reliability of medical image data for subsequent clinical workflows. For instance, in radiology using computed tomography (CT) or related morphological imaging modalities, noise affects the analysis of anatomical structures and thus impedes diagnostic applications. In optical coherence tomography (OCT) for retinal imaging as another example use case, noise limits the measurement of structural features in the human eye, e. g. retinal layer properties. Therefore, the universal and structure-preserving regularization term, called quantile sparse image (QuaSI) prior, is introduced. Using a variational framework based on the QuaSI prior and a Huber data fidelity model allows to process 3-D and 3-D+t data. Effcient optimization is facilitated through the use of an alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) scheme and the linearization of the quantile filter. Using the linearization of the quantile filter, the quantile layer helps to overcome the noisy outliers in a Recurrent Neural Network architecture for Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting.

github | MICCAI 2017 | Medical Image Analysis 2018

Open topics for Bachelor and Master theses:

In case you are interested in license plate recognition or to learn high dimensional filters from data please contact me via mail. For questions regarding other topics in the field of multimedia security, you can also write a mail.